Summary of the paper

Title Enhanced English Universal Dependencies: An Improved Representation for Natural Language Understanding Tasks
Authors Sebastian Schuster and Christopher D. Manning
Abstract Many shallow natural language understanding tasks use dependency trees to extract relations between content words. However, strict surface-structure dependency trees tend to follow the linguistic structure of sentences too closely and frequently fail to provide direct relations between content words. To mitigate this problem, the original Stanford Dependencies representation also defines two dependency graph representations which contain additional and augmented relations that explicitly capture otherwise implicit relations between content words. In this paper, we revisit and extend these dependency graph representations in light of the recent Universal Dependencies (UD) initiative and provide a detailed account of an enhanced and an enhanced++ English UD representation. We further present a converter from constituency to basic, i.e., strict surface structure, UD trees, and a converter from basic UD trees to enhanced and enhanced++ English UD graphs. We release both converters as part of Stanford CoreNLP and the Stanford Parser.
Topics Grammar and Syntax, Parsing, Semantics
Full paper Enhanced English Universal Dependencies: An Improved Representation for Natural Language Understanding Tasks
Bibtex @InProceedings{SCHUSTER16.779,
  author = {Sebastian Schuster and Christopher D. Manning},
  title = {Enhanced English Universal Dependencies: An Improved Representation for Natural Language Understanding Tasks},
  booktitle = {Proceedings of the Tenth International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC 2016)},
  year = {2016},
  month = {may},
  date = {23-28},
  location = {Portoro┼ż, Slovenia},
  editor = {Nicoletta Calzolari (Conference Chair) and Khalid Choukri and Thierry Declerck and Sara Goggi and Marko Grobelnik and Bente Maegaard and Joseph Mariani and Helene Mazo and Asuncion Moreno and Jan Odijk and Stelios Piperidis},
  publisher = {European Language Resources Association (ELRA)},
  address = {Paris, France},
  isbn = {978-2-9517408-9-1},
  language = {english}
 }
Powered by ELDA © 2016 ELDA/ELRA