Summary of the paper

Title What a Nerd! Beating Students and Vector Cosine in the ESL and TOEFL Datasets
Authors Enrico Santus, Alessandro Lenci, Tin-Shing Chiu, Qin Lu and Chu-Ren Huang
Abstract In this paper, we claim that Vector Cosine ― which is generally considered one of the most efficient unsupervised measures for identifying word similarity in Vector Space Models ― can be outperformed by a completely unsupervised measure that evaluates the extent of the intersection among the most associated contexts of two target words, weighting such intersection according to the rank of the shared contexts in the dependency ranked lists. This claim comes from the hypothesis that similar words do not simply occur in similar contexts, but they share a larger portion of their most relevant contexts compared to other related words. To prove it, we describe and evaluate APSyn, a variant of Average Precision that ― independently of the adopted parameters ― outperforms the Vector Cosine and the co-occurrence on the ESL and TOEFL test sets. In the best setting, APSyn reaches 0.73 accuracy on the ESL dataset and 0.70 accuracy in the TOEFL dataset, beating therefore the non-English US college applicants (whose average, as reported in the literature, is 64.50%) and several state-of-the-art approaches.
Topics Statistical and Machine Learning Methods, Information Extraction, Information Retrieval, Knowledge Discovery/Representation
Full paper What a Nerd! Beating Students and Vector Cosine in the ESL and TOEFL Datasets
Bibtex @InProceedings{SANTUS16.517,
  author = {Enrico Santus and Alessandro Lenci and Tin-Shing Chiu and Qin Lu and Chu-Ren Huang},
  title = {What a Nerd! Beating Students and Vector Cosine in the ESL and TOEFL Datasets},
  booktitle = {Proceedings of the Tenth International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC 2016)},
  year = {2016},
  month = {may},
  date = {23-28},
  location = {Portoro┼ż, Slovenia},
  editor = {Nicoletta Calzolari (Conference Chair) and Khalid Choukri and Thierry Declerck and Sara Goggi and Marko Grobelnik and Bente Maegaard and Joseph Mariani and Helene Mazo and Asuncion Moreno and Jan Odijk and Stelios Piperidis},
  publisher = {European Language Resources Association (ELRA)},
  address = {Paris, France},
  isbn = {978-2-9517408-9-1},
  language = {english}
 }
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