Summary of the paper

Title Grounding Gradable Adjectives through Crowdsourcing
Authors Rebecca Sharp, Mithun Paul, Ajay Nagesh, Dane Bell and Mihai Surdeanu
Abstract In order to build technology that has the ability to answer questions relevant to national and global security, e.g., on food insecurity in certain parts of the world, one has to implement machine reading technology that extracts causal mechanisms from texts. Unfortunately, many of these texts describe these interactions using vague, high-level language. One particular example is the use of gradable adjectives, i.e., adjectives that can take a range of magnitudes such as small or slight. Here we propose a method for estimating specific concrete groundings for a set of such gradable adjectives. We use crowdsourcing to gather human language intuitions about the impact of each adjective, then fit a linear mixed effects model to this data. The resulting model is able to estimate the impact of novel instances of these adjectives found in text. We evaluate our model in terms of its ability to generalize to unseen data and find that it has a predictive R2 of 0.632 in general, and 0.677 on a subset of high-frequency adjectives.
Topics Language Modelling, Information Extraction, Information Retrieval, Other
Full paper Grounding Gradable Adjectives through Crowdsourcing
Bibtex @InProceedings{SHARP18.977,
  author = {Rebecca Sharp and Mithun Paul and Ajay Nagesh and Dane Bell and Mihai Surdeanu},
  title = "{Grounding Gradable Adjectives through Crowdsourcing}",
  booktitle = {Proceedings of the Eleventh International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC 2018)},
  year = {2018},
  month = {May 7-12, 2018},
  address = {Miyazaki, Japan},
  editor = {Nicoletta Calzolari (Conference chair) and Khalid Choukri and Christopher Cieri and Thierry Declerck and Sara Goggi and Koiti Hasida and Hitoshi Isahara and Bente Maegaard and Joseph Mariani and Hélène Mazo and Asuncion Moreno and Jan Odijk and Stelios Piperidis and Takenobu Tokunaga},
  publisher = {European Language Resources Association (ELRA)},
  isbn = {979-10-95546-00-9},
  language = {english}
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