Summary of the paper

Title Simulating ASR errors for training SLU systems
Authors Edwin Simonnet, Sahar Ghannay, Nathalie Camelin and Yannick Estève
Abstract This paper presents an approach to simulate automatic speech recognition (ASR) errors from manual transcriptions and describes how it can be used to improve the performance of spoken language understanding (SLU) systems. In particular, we point out that this noising process is very usefull to obtain a more robust SLU system to ASR errors in case of insufficient training data or more if ASR transcriptions are not available during the training of the SLU model. The proposed method is based on the use of both acoustic and linguistic word embeddings in order to define a similarity measure between words dedicated to predict ASR confusions. Actually, we assume that words acoustically and linguistically close are the ones confused by an ASR system. By using this similarity measure in order to randomly substitute correct words by potentially confusing words in manual annotations used to train CRF- or neural- based SLU systems, we augment the training corpus with these new noisy data. Experiments were carried on the French MEDIA corpus focusing on hotel reservation. They show that this approach significantly improves SLU system performance with a relative reduction of 21.2% of concept/value error rate (CVER), particularly when the SLU system is based on a neural approach (reduction of 22.4% of CVER). A comparison to a naive noising approach shows that the proposed noising approach is particularly relevant.
Topics Statistical And Machine Learning Methods, Semantics, Speech Recognition/Understanding
Full paper Simulating ASR errors for training SLU systems
Bibtex @InProceedings{SIMONNET18.827,
  author = {Edwin Simonnet and Sahar Ghannay and Nathalie Camelin and Yannick Estève},
  title = "{Simulating ASR errors for training SLU systems}",
  booktitle = {Proceedings of the Eleventh International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC 2018)},
  year = {2018},
  month = {May 7-12, 2018},
  address = {Miyazaki, Japan},
  editor = {Nicoletta Calzolari (Conference chair) and Khalid Choukri and Christopher Cieri and Thierry Declerck and Sara Goggi and Koiti Hasida and Hitoshi Isahara and Bente Maegaard and Joseph Mariani and Hélène Mazo and Asuncion Moreno and Jan Odijk and Stelios Piperidis and Takenobu Tokunaga},
  publisher = {European Language Resources Association (ELRA)},
  isbn = {979-10-95546-00-9},
  language = {english}
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