Summary of the paper

Title A Gold Anaphora Annotation Layer on an Eye Movement Corpus
Authors Olga Seminck and Pascal Amsili
Abstract Anaphora resolution is a complex process in which multiple linguistic factors play a role, and this is witnessed by a large psycholinguistic literature. This literature is based on experiments with hand-constructed items, which have the advantage to filter influences outside the scope of the study, but, as a downside, make the experimental data artificial. Our goal is to provide a first resource allowing to study human anaphora resolution on natural data. We annotated anaphorical pronouns in the Dundee Corpus: a corpus of 50k words coming from newspaper articles read by humans of whom all eye movements were recorded. We identified all anaphoric pronouns - in opposition to non-referential, cataphoric and deictic uses - and identified the closest antecedent for each of them. Both the identification of the anaphoricity and the antecedents of the pronouns showed a high inter-annotator agreement. We used our resource to model reading time of pronouns to study simultaneously various factors of influence on anaphora resolution. Whereas the influence of the anaphoric relation on the reading time of the pronoun is subtle, psycholinguistic findings from settings using experimental items were confirmed. In this way our resource provides a new means to study anaphora.
Topics Anaphora, Coreference, Language Modelling, Cognitive Methods
Full paper A Gold Anaphora Annotation Layer on an Eye Movement Corpus
Bibtex @InProceedings{SEMINCK18.318,
  author = {Olga Seminck and Pascal Amsili},
  title = "{A Gold Anaphora Annotation Layer on an Eye Movement Corpus}",
  booktitle = {Proceedings of the Eleventh International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC 2018)},
  year = {2018},
  month = {May 7-12, 2018},
  address = {Miyazaki, Japan},
  editor = {Nicoletta Calzolari (Conference chair) and Khalid Choukri and Christopher Cieri and Thierry Declerck and Sara Goggi and Koiti Hasida and Hitoshi Isahara and Bente Maegaard and Joseph Mariani and Hélène Mazo and Asuncion Moreno and Jan Odijk and Stelios Piperidis and Takenobu Tokunaga},
  publisher = {European Language Resources Association (ELRA)},
  isbn = {979-10-95546-00-9},
  language = {english}
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