Summary of the paper

Title Introducing a Lexicon of Verbal Polarity Shifters for English
Authors Marc Schulder, Michael Wiegand, Josef Ruppenhofer and Stephanie Köser
Abstract The sentiment polarity of a phrase does not only depend on the polarities of its words, but also on how these are affected by their context. Negation words (e.g. "not", "no", "never") can change the polarity of a phrase. Similarly, verbs and other content words can also act as polarity shifters (e.g. "fail", "deny", "alleviate"). While individually more sparse, they are far more numerous. Among verbs alone, there are more than 1200 shifters. However, sentiment analysis systems barely consider polarity shifters other than negation words. A major reason for this is the scarcity of lexicons and corpora that provide information on them. We introduce a lexicon of verbal polarity shifters that covers the entirety of verbs found in WordNet. We provide a fine-grained annotation of individual word senses, as well as information for each verbal shifter on the syntactic scopes that it can affect.
Topics Opinion Mining / Sentiment Analysis, Semantics, Lexicon, Lexical Database
Full paper Introducing a Lexicon of Verbal Polarity Shifters for English
Bibtex @InProceedings{SCHULDER18.110,
  author = {Marc Schulder and Michael Wiegand and Josef Ruppenhofer and Stephanie Köser},
  title = "{Introducing a Lexicon of Verbal Polarity Shifters for English}",
  booktitle = {Proceedings of the Eleventh International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC 2018)},
  year = {2018},
  month = {May 7-12, 2018},
  address = {Miyazaki, Japan},
  editor = {Nicoletta Calzolari (Conference chair) and Khalid Choukri and Christopher Cieri and Thierry Declerck and Sara Goggi and Koiti Hasida and Hitoshi Isahara and Bente Maegaard and Joseph Mariani and Hélène Mazo and Asuncion Moreno and Jan Odijk and Stelios Piperidis and Takenobu Tokunaga},
  publisher = {European Language Resources Association (ELRA)},
  isbn = {979-10-95546-00-9},
  language = {english}
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