Summary of the paper

Title A Hierarchical Taxonomy for Classifying Hardness of Inference Tasks
Authors Martin Gleize and Brigitte Grau
Abstract Exhibiting inferential capabilities is one of the major goals of many modern Natural Language Processing systems. However, if attempts have been made to define what textual inferences are, few seek to classify inference phenomena by difficulty. In this paper we propose a hierarchical taxonomy for inferences, relatively to their hardness, and with corpus annotation and system design and evaluation in mind. Indeed, a fine-grained assessment of the difficulty of a task allows us to design more appropriate systems and to evaluate them only on what they are designed to handle. Each of seven classes is described and provided with examples from different tasks like question answering, textual entailment and coreference resolution. We then test the classes of our hierarchy on the specific task of question answering. Our annotation process of the testing data at the QA4MRE 2013 evaluation campaign reveals that it is possible to quantify the contrasts in types of difficulty on datasets of the same task.
Topics Question Answering, Corpus (Creation, Annotation, etc.)
Full paper A Hierarchical Taxonomy for Classifying Hardness of Inference Tasks
Bibtex @InProceedings{GLEIZE14.1168,
  author = {Martin Gleize and Brigitte Grau},
  title = {A Hierarchical Taxonomy for Classifying Hardness of Inference Tasks},
  booktitle = {Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC'14)},
  year = {2014},
  month = {may},
  date = {26-31},
  address = {Reykjavik, Iceland},
  editor = {Nicoletta Calzolari (Conference Chair) and Khalid Choukri and Thierry Declerck and Hrafn Loftsson and Bente Maegaard and Joseph Mariani and Asuncion Moreno and Jan Odijk and Stelios Piperidis},
  publisher = {European Language Resources Association (ELRA)},
  isbn = {978-2-9517408-8-4},
  language = {english}
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