Summary of the paper

Title Let’s not Argue about Semantics
Authors Johan Bos
Abstract What’s the best way to assess the performance of a semantic component in an NLP system? Tradition in NLP evaluation tells us that comparing output against a gold standard is a good idea. To define a gold standard, one first needs to decide on the representation language, and in many cases a first-order language seems a good compromise between expressive power and efficiency. Secondly, one needs to decide how to represent the various semantic phenomena, in particular the depth of analysis of quantification, plurals, eventualities, thematic roles, scope, anaphora, presupposition, ellipsis, comparatives, superlatives, tense, aspect, and time-expressions. Hence it will be hard to come up with an annotation scheme unless one permits different level of semantic granularity. The alternative is a theory-neutral black-box type evaluation where we just look at how systems react on various inputs. For this approach, we can consider the well-known task of recognising textual entailment, or the lesser-known task of textual model checking. The disadvantage of black-box methods is that it is difficult to come up with natural data that cover specific semantic phenomena.
Language Language-independent
Topics Semantics, Evaluation methodologies, Discourse
Full paper Let’s not Argue about Semantics
Slides -
Bibtex @InProceedings{BOS08.721,
  author = {Johan Bos},
  title = {Let’s not Argue about Semantics},
  booktitle = {Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC'08)},
  year = {2008},
  month = {may},
  date = {28-30},
  address = {Marrakech, Morocco},
  editor = {Nicoletta Calzolari (Conference Chair), Khalid Choukri, Bente Maegaard, Joseph Mariani, Jan Odijk, Stelios Piperidis, Daniel Tapias},
  publisher = {European Language Resources Association (ELRA)},
  isbn = {2-9517408-4-0},
  note = {},
  language = {english}

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